Located 30 kms from Nuwara eliya, Horton plains is a protected area and was declared a world heritage site. In 1989 this area was declared as a national park. The plateau is rich in bio diversity at an altitude of more than 2000 meters. There are many species found here that are endemic and as such it is considered a bio diversity hotspot.
Home to a range of flora and fauna protected species such as the western purple faced langur, the sri lankan leopard and slender loris. Large herds of Sambar Deer or Elk can be found here roaming and feeding on the vast rolling plains. It is also a very important bird area for birders for the many resident birds, some which can only be seen here.